WBCS Preliminary Exam Solved Question Paper 2003 (History & National Movements) - WBCS Online Portal for Self Studies

Q1. Buddhist religious scripture Tripitaka was written in

(A) Sanskrit (B) Hindi (C) Bengali (D) Pali

Pitaka literary means ‘basket’ and it was called so, because the original texts were written on palm-leaves and kept in baskets.

The three pitakas — Vinaya Pitaka – monastic code; Sutta Pitaka – Buddha’s sayings; Abhidhamma Pitaka – religious discourses of Buddha.

Q2. The meaning of the word ’Mansab’ is

(A) Rank (B) Proprietorship of land (C) Possession of army personnel (D) Land revenue

Mansab is a sort of military pay grade in Mughal Empire introduced by Akbar in 1572.

Q3. Sikh Guru Teg Bahadur was a contemporary of

(A) Jehangir (B) Shahjahan (C) Aurangzeb (D) Bahadur Shah

Aurangzeb beheaded Guru Tegh Bahadur, the 9 th Guru of Sikhs, on 24 Nov 1675 when he refused to embrace Islam.

Q4. __________introduced the ‘Zabt’ system of land revenue during the reign of Akbar.

(A) Raja Mansingh (B) Raja Todarmal (C) Raja Biharimal (D) Raja Bhagawandas

Raja Todarmal was the finance minister & one of the Navaratna’s of Akbar.

Q5. Ashokan Brahmi was first read by           

(A) Cunningham (B) Princep (C) R.L. Mitra (D) Burgess

The script was first read by Princep, the founding editor of Journal of Asiatic Society of Bengal, in 1837.

Q6. Lion capital of currency notes was discovered from

(A) Bodh Gaya (B) Sanchi (C) Delhi (D) Sarnath

Q7. Gandhara Art flourished during

(A) Maurya period (B) Sunga period (C) Kushana period (D) Gupta period

The style of Greco-Roman origin, seems to have flourished largely during the  Kushan dynasty.

Q8. Shrikrishna Vijaya Kavya was composed by

(A)Chandidas (B) Vidyapati (C) Maladhar Basu (D)Joydeva

He was honoured by  Rukunuddin Barbak Shah (Ilyas Shahi dynasty) with the title of ‘Gunaraj Khan’.

Q9. Sandhyakar Nandi was the court poet of the           

(A) Pratiharas (B) Rashtrakutas (C) Senas (D) Palas

Sandhyakar Nandi wrote the epic poem  Ramacharitam , based on ancient Indian epic  Ramayan. He was the son of Prajapati Nandi, the Sandhi-Vigrahika (minister of peace and war) of the Pala emperor Ramapala.

Q10. Sri Chaitanyadeva flourished during the reign of

(A) Hussain Shah (B) Raja Ganesh (C) Nasrat Shah (D) Nasiruddin Shah

Chaitanyadev(1486-1533) – One of the great saints of Krishna Bhakti cult and founder of Gaudiya or Bengal Vaishnavism.

Q11. Who was defeated in the hands of Mahamud Ghori in the Battle of Tarain in 1192? 

(A) Prithviraj Chauhan (B) Jaichand (C) Dahir (D) Pulakesin II

  • First battle of Tarain in 1191 – Prithviraj Chauhan vs Mohd Ghori, won by Prithviraj Chauhan.
  • Second Battle of Tarain in 1192 – Prithviraj Chauhan vs Mohd Ghori, won by Mohd Ghori.

Q12. Who among the following rulers was a slave in his early life?

(A) Alauddin Khalji (B) Muhammad BinTughlaq

(C) Ghiyasuddin Balban (D) Firujshah Tughlaq

Balban ascended the throne in 1266. He broke the power of Chalisa. He established the military department Diwani-i-Arz. He took up the title of Zil-i-Ilahi(shadow of God).

Q13. ‘Divya’ was the leader of the 

(A) Kaivarta Rebellion (B) Kol Rebellion (C) Munda Rebellion (D) Santal Rebellion

Kaivarta Rebellion took place during the reign of Mahipal II.

Q14. Titumir was associated with the movement

(A) Wahabi (B) Faraji (C) Aligarh (D) Ahmadiya

The Wahabi movement was led by Syed Ahmed Barelvi. The movement was active since 1830s but in the wake of 1857 revolt, it turned into armed resistance, a Jihad against the British.

Q15. Who wrote ‘Parivrajak’?

(A) Keshab Ch. Sen (B) Vidyasagar (C) Dayanand (D) Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda (originally Narendranath Dutta) founded the Ramkrishna Mission in 1887 as a social service league which was registered as a Trust in 1897.

Q16. Chicago Parliament of Religions was held in

(A) May 1891 (B) May 1892
(C) May 1893 (D) May 1894

Swami Vivekananda represented India and Hinduism at the Chicago Parliament of Religions.

Q17. First Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University was

(A) William Colvile (B) Ritchie (C) Erskine (D) Maine

First Chancellor – Viceroy Lord Canning. In 1858, Jadu Nath Bose and Bankim Ch. Chattopadhyay became first graduates of the University.

Q18. “Nil-Darpan” was written by

(A) Dinabandhu Mitra (B) Harish Chandra Mukherjee

(C) Bankim Ch. Chatterjee (D) Ramesh Ch. Datta

Nil Darpan was a play written by Dinabandhu Mitra in 1858- 59. The drama was written in the context of social agitation in Bengal, known as the Indigo Revolt. The play examines the treatment of the Indian peasantry or riots by the indigo planters. It was first published in 1860.

Q19. In 1498 Vasco da Gama landed at the port of

(A) Calicut (B) Surat (C) Masulipatam (D) Cochin

The Cape Route was discovered from Europe to India by Vasco Da Gama. He reached the port of Calicut on May 17, 1498 and was received by the Hindu ruler of Calicut (known by the title of Zamorin).

Q20. Jallianwala Bagh massacre did occur in         

(A) 1914 (B) 1916 (C) 1918 (D) 1919

The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on 13th April, 1919 during the viceroyship of lord Chelmsford. It is also known as the Amritsar massacre.

Some important events of 1919 

  • Government of India Act 1919 (Montagu-Chelmsford reforms)-Complete control in local bodies;
  • Rowlatt/Black Act – March18,1919;
  • Arrest of Dr Kitchlu and Dr Satyapal – 10 Apr 1919.

Q21. ‘Voice of India’ was published from           

(A) Calcutta (B) Bombay (C) Madras (D) Delhi

The Voice of India was published monthly by The Bombay Gazette Steam Press in Bombay from 1883 to 1889.

Q22. Salt March of 1930 began from         

(A) Ahmedabad (B) Rajkot (C) Baroda (D) Bhavnagar

The Salt March also known as Dandi March/ Dandi satyagraha, an act of non violence civil disobedience movement. This 24 day march began on 12 March, 1930 continued till 6 April, 1930.

Q23. Royal Asiatic Society was founded in           

(A) 1781 (B) 1761 (C) 1771 (D) 1791

Royal Asiatic Society was founded by William Jones on 15th Jan, 1884.

Q24. Gandhi was arrested in charge of sedition and was given six years sentence in

(A) 1920 (B) 1922 (C) 1923 (D) 1924

Some important events of 1922 –

  • 05 Feb,1922- ChauriChaura incident near Gorakhpur, UP) ;
  • 11 Feb,1922- Gandhi withdrew Non Cooperation Movement (Bardoli resolution of INC);
  • 10 March,1922- Gandhi was arrested and sentenced to 6 years imprisonment ( but was released in 1924 for ill health);
  • 1922- Congress divided into Pro-changers (Motilal Nehru, CR Das, NC Kelkar) and No-changers (Rajendra Prasad, C Rajagopalachari) in Gaya session (reunited after Lahore session in 1930).

Q25. Hindu Female School was founded by           

(A) Madanmohan Tarkalankar (B) Bethun (C) De Rozio (D) Parry Chand Mitra

Renamed as Bethun School on 7th May, 1849.

Q26. The Journal Maratha was edited by           

(A)Tilak (B) Gokhale (C) Indraji (D) R.G. Bhandarkar

Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak founded the Marathi newspaper Kesari in 1881.

Q27. Who introduced Dual Government in Bengal?   

(A) Warren Hastings (B) Lord Clive (C) Vansittart (D) Cornwallis

Robert Clive was the Governor of Bengal during 1757-60 and again 1765- 67.

Q28. The East India Company received its Charter from 

(A) Queen Elizabeth I (B) James I (C) Charles I (D) Queen Victoria

On December 31, 1600 ‘Honourable Company of Merchants of London Trading with the East Indies’ was granted a Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth I, and established itself with 125 shareholders. Sir Thomas Smythe was appointed as the Company’s first Governor.

Q29. Indian Independence Act was passed in

(A) January 1947 (B) March 1947 (C) April 1947 (D) July 1947

The Indian Independence Act was passed on 18th July, 1947.

Q30. The last Governor-General of India was

(A) Mountbatten (B) Rajagopalachari (C) Rajendra Prasad (D) J.L. Nehru

1st Governor of Bengal — Robert Clive (1758-60) and (1765-67);

1st Governor General of Bengal — Warren Hastings (1773 – 85);

1st Governor General of India — Lord William Bentinck (1833-35);

Last Governor General of India and 1st Viceroy of India — Lord Canning (1856-57) and (1858-62);

Last Governor-General of India — C. Rajagopalachari (June 1948 – Jan 1950)

Q31. Communist Party of India was formally born in

(A) 1921 (B) 1924 (C) 1925 (D) 1926

On 25 Dec, 1925 in Kanpur (now in Uttar Pradesh state). A manifesto was issued in 1920 in Tashkent (now in Uzbekistan) by Manabendra Nath Roy (who would become the party’s first leader), Abani Mukherji, and MN Roy’s wife Evelyn.

Q32. Anusilan Samiti was first organised by

(A) Khudiram Bose (B) Hemchandra Kinungo (C) Prafulla Kumar Chaki (D) Pramatha Nath Mitra

Anushilan Samiti was established in 1902 at Midnapur.

Q33. Tattwabodhini Patrika was started by

(A) Madhusudan Datta (B) Vidyasagar (C) Ramtanu Lahiri (D) Debendranath Thakur

Tattawabodhini Patrika was first published on 16 th August, 1843. Debendranath Tagore, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Akshay Kumar Dutta, Rajnarayan Basu, Rajendralal Mitra were the editors of Tattawabodhini Patrika. It continued publication till 1883.

Q34. M.N. Roy was originally known as

(A) Chittapriya Mukherjee (B) Narendranath Bhattacharya (C) Jyotish Pal (D) Manoranjan Sengupta

M. N. Roy was also one of the founders of Communist Party of India.

Q35. Subhas Chandra Bose proclaimed the establishment of Government of India at

(A) Bangkok (B) Singapore (C) Colombo (B) Rangoon

Subhas Chandra Bose formed the Provisional Government of Free India on 21 October 1943 in Singapore.

Q36. English as the medium of instruction of education among the Indians was officially announced in

(A) 1825 (B) 1835 (C) 1845 (D) 1855

The English Education Act was a legislative Act of the council of India in 1835, decided by Lord William Bentinck.

Q37. The first elected President of AITUC was

(A) Mahatma Gandhi (B)Maulana-Azad (C) Lala Lajpat Rai (D)Balgarigadhar Tilak

All India Trade Union Congress is the first Central Trade Union of India. It was established on 13 th October, 1920 in Bombay.

Q38. The first Bengali newspaper is

(A) Samachar Darpan (B) Samachar Chandrika (C) Sambad Provakar (D) Banga Darshan

Editor- John Clark Marshman, Establishing Year-1818.

Q39. First Viceroy Of India :

(A) Dalhousie (B) Canning (C) Bentinck (D) Curzon

Important Events —

  • Lord Canning(1856-58) – the Last Governor General of India, Revolt of 1857.
  • Lord Canning(1858-62) – the First Viceroy, the Indian Council Act 1861, Indian Penal code of Criminal Procedure, Indian High court Act, The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras founded in 1857, The Indigo Revolt.

Q40. The Congress decided to observe the 26th January as Independence day in the meeting held at

(A) Calcutta (B) Bombay (C) Lahore (D) Madras

Lahore Session of the Indian National congress was held in Dec, 1929 under the presidentship of Jawaharlal Nehru. In this session the Indian National Congress passed a resolution declaring ‘Poorna Swaraj’ to be the goal of the national movement.

Q41. The first President of the Indian National Congress was

(A) A.O.Hume (B) Wedderburn (C) W.C. Banerjee (D) Dadabhai Naoroji

The Indian National congress was formed in 1885 by A.O. Hume in Bombay during the viceroyship of Lord Dufferin.

Q42. All India Home Rule was started by

(A) Rajagopalachari (B) Annie Besant (C) Bipin Ch. Pal (D) Nivedita

Annie Besant inspired by Irish rebellion, started Home Rule movement in India In September, 1916.

Q43. Frontier Gandhi was the name of

(A) Abul Kalam Azad (B) Humayun Kabir (C) Abdul Gaffar Khan (D) Dr. Abdul Hafiz

Abdul Gaffar Khan was also Known as Badsah Khan. Due to his similar ideologies and close friendship with Mahatma Gandhi, he was nicknamed ‘Frontier Gandhi’ by his associate Amir Chand Bombwal.

Q44. Chittagong Armoury Raid was undertaken under the leadership of

(A) Surya Sen (B) Ananta Singh (C) Lokenath Bal (D) Upendra Bhattacharya

Surya Sen led a group of revolutionaries on 18 April 1930 to raid the armoury of police in Chittagong. He was hanged in 1933.

Q45. Rash Behari Bose originally worked as clerk at

(A) Delhi (B) Dehradun (C) Bombay (D) Meerut

Rash Behari Bose was associated with Delhi Bomb Case (attempt to murder Lord Hardinge, viceroy of India ) in 1912. Indian National Army was formed by him in 1942.

Q46. Haripura Session of Congress elected __________ as President.

(A) Maulana Azad (B) J.L. Nehru (C) Subhas Chandra Bose (D) Sitaramiyah

In Haripura Session 1938 the National Planning Committee was set-up under Chairmanship of J.L Nehru.

In Tripuri session 1939, Subhas Chandra Bose was reelected as President of Congress defeating Gandhiji’s candidate Pattabhi Sitaramaya. But he had to resign due to Gandhiji’s protest. Rajendra Prasad became president after his resignation.

Q47. Ganapati Festival was inaugurated by

(A) G.K. Gokhale (B) Bal Gangadhar Tilak (C) Dadabhai Naoroji (D) Lalmohan Ghosh

First celebrated in 1893 in Bombay. Tilak also inaugurated Shivaji festival.

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