Q1. Which Indian emperor was called “zinda pir”?

(A) Aurangzeb (B) Akbar (C) Firuz Tughlog (D) Sher Shah

  • Aurangazeb (1658-1707) >>  title – Alamgir; executed 9th Sikh Guru Teg Bahadur; reintroduced Jaziya.

Q2. Who was the first historical emperor of India?

(A) Bimbisara (B) Mahapadmananda (C) Chandragupta Maurya (D) Vikramaditya

  • Chadragupta (322 BC -298 BC) — Chadragupta defeated the last Nanda ruler Dhanananda and captured Patiliputra in 322 BC with the help of Kautilya (Chanakya). Megasthenese came to his court.

Q3. Where did Buddha preach his first sermons?

(A) Kusinagar (B) Bodh Gaya (C) Kasi (D) Sarnath

  • Birth – Lumbini near Kapilavastu
  • Attained Nirvana at Bodh Gaya
  • Death – Kusinagar

Q4. Which Mughal emperor granted Diwani to the English East India Company?

(A) Bahadur shah II (B) Shah Alam II (C) Farrukh Siyar (D) Zehander Shah

  • Shah Alam II granted “Dewani Rights” to East India Company. Thus East India Co. got appointed as the imperial tax collector for the Eastern Province.

Q5. ‘Fo-Kuo-King’ was authored by whom?

(A) It-Tsing (B) Fa-Hien (C) Hiuen Tsang (D) Megasthenes

  • Fa- Hien visited during the reign of Chandragupta II (376- 415 CE).

Q6. Who was popularly known as “Indian Machiavelli”?

(A) Chanakya (B) Nana Farnabis (C) Abul Fazl (D) Alivardi Khan

  • He is called so because his writings have a political pragmatism. similar to that seen in Machiavelli’s (Italian diplomat – best known for ‘The Prince’, written in 1513) work. —Wikipedia

Q7. Who was the first independent King of Bengal?

(A) Sasanka (B) King Ganesh (C) Gopala (D) Mahasengupta

  • Sasanka is the founder of Gauda Dynasty (late 6th century CE).

Q8. Who described the din-i-llahi “the monument of Akbar’s folly”?

(A) V. A. Smith (B) Elliot (C) Badaoni (D) Faizy

Q9. “Ram Rahim ek hai. nam dhara hai do”- who preached during the sultanate?

(A) Sri Chaitanya (B) Kabir (C) Nanak (D) Dadu

  • Kabir – The most radical disciple of Ramananda, who was opposed to caste, creed, image worship, unnecessary rituals and sought to remove distinction between Hindus and Muslims and believed in
    social unity.

Q10. Who was the Hindu ruler defeated during the second Battle of Terrain?

(A) Lakshamnsena (B) Prithviraj (C) Joypal (D) Raja Shankar

#Repeat 2003

  • First battle of Tarain in 1191 – Prithviraj Chauhan vs Mohd Ghori, won by Prithviraj Chauhan.
  • Second Battle of Tarain in 1192 – Prithviraj Chauhan vs Mohd Ghori, won by Mohd Ghori.

Q11. Ibn Batuta came to India during which ruler’s reign?

(A) Akbar (B) Muhammad bin Tughlaq (C) Iltutmish (D) Alauddin Khilji

  • Ibn Batuta wrote Safarnama, Rehla.

Q12. In which year was the Saka Era founded?

(A) 58 B.C. (b) 78A.D. (c) 273B.C. (d) 330A.D.

#Repeat 2007, 2009

  • Kanishka started Saka Era. He was the most famous Kushan king. He had two capitals – Peshwar & Mathura. Kanishka was a great patron of Mahayana Buddhism. In his reign 4th Buddhist council was held in Kundalavana Kashmir where the doctrines of the Mahayana form of Buddhism were finalsed.

Q13. Who issued the Nasik Inscription?

(A) Gautamiputra Satakarni (B) Harshavardhan (C) Dharmapala (D) Samudragupta

  • Nasik Inscription was discovered in Maharastra. Satakarni belonged to Sathbahana dynasty.

Q14. Who was the first presient of the All India Kishan Sabha?

(A) N.G. Ranga (b) Sudhin Pramanik

(c) Swami Sahajananda Saraswati (d) Rammanohar Lohia

  • All India Kishan Sabha was Established in 1936.

Q15. Who among the following persons described-the British rule in India as ‘Un-British’?

(A) Dadabhai Naoroji (B) Ramesh Chandra Dutt

(C) Mahadev Govind Ranade (d) Gopal krishna Gokhale

  • Dadabhai Naoroji (4th sep 1825 – 30th jun 1917) also known as the Grand Old Man of India; He published ‘Poverty and un-British Rule in India’ in 1901.

Q16. Who was known as “Grand Old Man of India”?

(A) Surendranath Banerjee (B) Dadabhai Naoroji (C) Ranade (D) Ananda Mohan Basu

Q17. Who was the most famous Bengali Journalist who championed the cause of Indigo cultivators?

(A) Harish Ch Mukherjee (B) Sisir Kumar Ghosh

(C) Iswar Chandra Gupta (D) Shibnath Sastri

  • Harish Ch Mukherjee played a pioneering role in that movement with his brilliant writing, Hindu Patriot.

Q18. Who was the editor of “Hindoo Patriot”?

(A)Harish Chandra Mukherjee (B)Sisir Kumar Ghosh (C)Madhusudan Datta (D) Rajnarayan Bose

  • H.C. Mukherjee became the chief editor of Hindu Patriot in 1855. One year later he bought the newspaper from Girish Ch. Ghosh in the name of his elder brother Haran Ch. Mukherjee.

Q19. The Naval Revolt of 1946 started in

(A) Calcutta (B) Madras (C) Bombay (D) Calicut

  • On February 18, 1946, around 1100 Indian sailors or “ratings” of the HMIS Talwar and the Royal Indian Navy (RIN) Signal School in Bombay declared a hunger strike, triggered by the conditions and treatment of Indians in the Navy.
  • One of the triggers for the RIN strike was the arrest of a rating, BC Dutt, who had scrawled “Quit India” on the HMIS Talwar. — #Link

Q20. Which battle dashed the hopes of Dupleix to establish an empire in India?

(A) First Carnatic War (B) Second Carnatic War (C) Third Carnatic War (D) Battle of Plassey

  • Dupleix was the governor of the French company.
  • First Carnatic War (1746-48) >> Britain and France signed the treaty of Aix la Chapelle in 1748 to restore peace in India. — #Link
  • Second Carnatic War (1749-54) >> This war also remained inconclusive like the 1st war. The English were successful in Karnataka while the French remained influential in Hyderabad. — #Link
  • Third Carnatic War (1758-63) >> In 1756, the Seven Years’ War started in Europe and Britain. It led to the Third Carnatic War in India between the English and the French. Major engagements between the two Companies started in 1758 when Count de Lally came to India as the commander of the French forces as well as the governor of the Company. On January 22, 1760, the battle of Wandiwash took place & the French were defeated. The French lost their Indian possessions in Pondicherry. 3rd War ended in 1763 and the Peace of Paris was signed. By this treaty, the French were given back some of their cities in India, like Chandranagar and Pondicherry, but they were not allowed to raise any fortifications there. — #Link #Sansarlochan

Q21. Who introduced “ Rakhi Vandhan” during anti-Partition Movement?

(A) Aswini Datta (B) Dayananda (C) Rabindranath (D) Surendranath Banerjjee

  • Rabindranath Tagore introduced “Rakhi Vandhan” utsav to strengthen bond between Hindu-Muslim of Bengal against the British Raj. — #Link

Q22. Who was the Governor General who decided in favour of Western education in India?

(A) Lord Cornwallis (B) Lord Ripon (C) Lord Bentinck (D) Lord Curzon

  • The English Education Act was a legislative Act of the council of India in 1835, decided by Lord William Bentinck.

Q23. When was the Congress Socialist Party formed?

(A) 1922 (B) 1934 (C)1936 (D)1939

  • Founders –> Ram Manohar Lohia, Jayaprakash Narayan(GS), Narendra Deva(President).

Q24. Who was the ‘Sarvadhinayak’ the Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar?

(A) Ajoy Mukherjee (B) Satish Chadra Samanta (C) Sushil Chandra Dhara (D) Narendra Dev

  • The Tamralipta Jatiya Sarkar  was an independent parallel government established in Tamluk, West Bengal during the Quit India Movement.

Q25. Which movement started in India after the failure of the Cripps Mission?

(A) Khilafat (B) Non-Co-operation (C) Civil Disobedience (D) Quit India

  • Quit India Movement Started on 8th August, 1942.

Q26. In which year did Subhas Chandra Bose escape from this Elgin Road Residence?

(A) 1939 (B)1940 (C)1941 (D)1939

  • S C Bose had escaped to Berlin in 1941 and set up Indian Independence League there. In 1943, he joined the INA at Singapore. There Ras Behari Bose handed over the leadership of INA to him.

Q27. Who published ‘Al-Hilal”?

(A) Altaf Husain Ali (B) Md Ali Jinnah (C) Abul Kalam Azad (D) Rahamat Ali

  • Al-Hilal was first issued on 13th July, 1912.

Q28. When was “the settled fact” of Bengal partition “unsettled”?

(A) 1905 (B)1908 (C) 1911 (D)1916

  • Important events of 1911 — Transfer capital from Calcutta to Delhi; Delhi Darbar and Coronation of King Geoge V & Queen Mary.

Q29. Under whose efforts was the Age of Consent Act passed?

(A) K. R. Cama (B) B.M. Malabari (C) Harinarayan Apte (D) Krishnashastri Cluplunar

  • Act Passed in 1891.

Q30. Who ridiculed the Indian National Congress as a microscopic minority of the people?

(A) Lord Dufferin (B) Lord Curzon (C) Lord Minto (D) Lord Chelmsford

  • Lord Dufferin (1884 -88) — During his time Indian National Congress established in 1885.

Q31. The founder of the Atmiya Sabha was

(A) Raja Rammohan Roy (B) Devendranath Tagore (C) Keshab Chandra Sen (D) Rajnarayan Bose

  • Established in 1815 in Calcutta.

Q32. When did the Simon Commission come to India?

(A) 1920 (B)1927 (C) 1935 (D)1942

  • A group of 7 MPs from Britain who were sent to India to study constitutional reforms.
  • John Simon was its Chairman.
  • In some places it is also mentioned that Simon Commission came to India in 1928.

Q33. Who killed Mr. Saunders?

(A)Rajguru (B) Bhagat Singh (C) Chandra Sekhar Azad (D) Sukhdev

  • Bhagat Singh killed Mr. Sanders on 17th Dec, 1927 (Lahore Conspiracy).
  • Bhagat Singh was arrested for the Lahore Conspiracy case, murder of Assistant Superintendent Saunders and bomb manufacturing.
  • Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru were hanged on March 23, 1931 in Punjab’s Hussainwala (now in Pakistan).

Q34. When was the India Independence Act passed?

(A) 2 Sept, 1946 (B) 3 June, 1947 (C) 18 July, 1947 (D) 15 Aug, 1947

  • The Act laid down detailed measures for the partition of India and speedy transfer of political powers to the new governments of India and Pakistan.

Q35. Who was the first President of the All India Trade Union Congress?

(A) Lala Lajpat Rai (B) Dewan Chamanlal (C) Chittaranjan Das (D) Subhas Chandra Bose

#Repeat 2003

  • AITUC is the first Central Trade Union of India. It was established on 13 th October, 1920 in Bombay.

Q36. Who founded the “School Book Society”?

(A) David Hare (B) Hyde East (C) William Jones (D) Bethun

  • He founded the Society with Radha Kanta Deb in 1817 in Calcutta.
  • He also led the foundation of the Hindu College (Presidency University) along with Rammohan Roy & Radhakanta Deb in 1817.

Q37. Who is regarded as the ‘Mother’ of Indian revolution?

(A) Madame Bhikaji Cama (B) Matangini Hazra (C) Saraladevi Chaudhurani (D) Kalpana Dattta

  • Madame Bhikaji Cama (1861-1936) – was associated with India House(Paris), Indian Society, INC.
  • She was was born in Bombay in 1861 in a Parsi family.

Q38. Where did Gandhiji first launch the Satyagraha Movement?

(A) Keda (B) Ahmedabad (C) Champaran (D) Chauri Chaura

  • Champaran Satyagrha(1917) – First Civil disobedience movement; Gandhiji entered active politics with Champaran Campaign to redress grievances of the cultivators oppressed by Indigo planters
    of Bihar.

Q39. Who is the author of the book ‘Geography of the Puranas”?

(A) Swami Pranabananda (B) Swami Vivekananda (C) Moonis Raza (D) S. Mazzafar Ali

Q40. ‘Samachar Darpan’ was published by

(A) Bhabani Charan Bandyopadhyay (B) Tarachand Datta

(C) Hansh Chandra Mukherjee (D) J.C. Marshman

#See 2003

  • Published in 1818.
  • John Clark Marshman also published Dikdarshan monthly.

Q41. What was the name of the first Bengali Newspaper?

(A) Sambad Kaumudi (B) Samachar Darpan (C) Tattabodhini Patrika (D) Sambad Prabhakar

#Repeat 2003

Q42. Who was the Governor General who enacted widow remarriage in India?

(A) Lord Bentinck (B) Lord Dalhousie (C) Lord Ripon (D) Lord Canning

  • The Hindu Widows’ Remarriage Act, 1856, (Act XV, 1856) was enacted on 26 July 1856. It was drafted by Lord Dalhousie and passed by Lord Canning before the Revolt of 1857. — #Link
  • Lord Dalhousie(1848-56) –> Abolished Titles and Pensions; Introduced Widow Remarriage Bill (Nov 17, 1855); Introduced Doctrine of lapse.

Q43. In which session of the Indian National Congress did the conflict between the Moderates and the Extremists reach its climax?

(A) Calcutta (B) Bombay (C) Surat (D) Madras

  • In 1907, INC divided into two groups — Moderates (G.K. Gokhle, Dadabhai Naoroji, Rash Bihari Bose, A O Hume) and Extremists (Lala Lajpat Rai, B.G. Tilak, Bipin Chandra Pal, Aurobindo Ghosh).
  • President of the Surat session was Rash Behari Bose. Initially the session was to be held in Nagpur, but G K Gokhale changed the venue to Surat. 

Q44. In which session of the Indian National Congress was the demand for “Poorna-Swaraj” raised?

(A) Kolkata (B) Chennai (C) Lahore (D) Mumbai

  • Lahore Session of the Indian National congress was held in Dec, 1929 under the presidentship of Jawaharlal Nehru. In this session the INC passed a resolution declaring ‘Poorna Swaraj” to be the goal of the national movement.

Q45. During whose Viceroyalty was the Vernacular Press Act enacted?

(A) Lord Dalhousie (B) Lord Canning (C) Lord Lytton (D) Lord Ripon

  • The Vernacular Press Act was repealed by Lord Ripon.

Q46. In which year was the All India Muslim League Founded?

(A) 1906 (B) 1911 (C) 1916 (D) 1920

  • Muslim League was set up by Nawab Salimullah of Dacca at Dacca. The league supported the partition of Bengal, opposed Swadeshi movement, and demanded special safeguards for its
    community and a separate electorate of Muslims.

Q47. “Sab Lal ho Jayega”- who of the Indian rulers said this?

(A) Ranjit Singh (B) Alivardi Khan (C) Haider Ali (D) Tipu Sultan

  • Ranjit Singh was the leader of Sukercharia misl.

Q48. The leader of the ‘Ulgulan’ was

(A) Gaya Munda (B) Joa Bhagat (C) Birsa Munda (D) Digambar Biswas

  • Ulgulan movement –> Year-1899, Causes – Land system, Missionary activity and forced labour.

Q49. Who translated ‘Nil Darpan’ in English?

(A) Madhusudan Datta (B) Rev. James Long (C) Harish Chandra Mukherjee (D) Kaliprasanna Sinha

  • Nil Darpan — a play written by Dinabandhu Mitra in 1858-59. The drama was written in the context of social agitation in Bengal, known as the Indigo Revolt. It was first published in 1860.

#See 2003

Q50. When did Vivekananda found Ramakrishna Mission?

(A) 1885 (B) 1896 (C) 1893 (D) 1866

  • Swami Vivekananda (originally Narendranath Dutta), founded the Ramkrishna Mission in 1887 as a social service league which was registered as a Trust in 1897.
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