WBCS Preliminary Exam Solved Question Paper 2004 (Polity & Economy) - WBCS Online Portal for Self Studies

Q1. Which of the following have been given special representation in Panchayati Raj?

(A) Backward classes (B) Women (C) Co-operative societies (D) All of the above

  • One-third (33%) of total seats reserved for women.

Q2. The first general election of Independent India was held in

(A) 1950 (B) 1951 (C) 1952 (D) 1953

  • In 1952 Congress won 364 seats out of 489 elective seats.

Q3. Which of the Committees or Commissions made recommendations for granting more powers and responsibilities to the Panchayati Raj?

(A) Jain Commission (B) Mehta Committee (C) Mondal Commission (D) None of the above

  • In 1957 Balwant Rai Mehta Committee gave recommendations of establishment of a 3-tier Panchayati Raj system – Gram Panchayat at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at the block level, and District Parishad at the district level.
  • In 1977 Ashok Mehta Committee also gave some suggestions with regard to 3-tier Panchayat system.

Q4. What is the minimum period of stay for a person applying for Indian citizenship?

(A) 3 years (B) 5 years (e) 1 years (D) 10 years

Q5. To be granted the status of official oppositions in a legislature a political party must have at least.

(A) 10 per cent of elected members  (B) 15 per cent of elected members

(C) 5 per cent of elected members (D) 7 per cent of elected members

#Repeat 2009

Q6. The right to education for all between 6 and 14 years of age has been included as a fundamental right in the Indian Constitution in

(A) 1999 (B)2001 (C)2002 (D)2000

  • By the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act, 2002.

Q7. The powers and responsibilities of Panchayati Raj institutions can be revised by the

(A) President (B) Governor (C) State Govt. (D) Union Govt.

Q8. Sikkim became a full-fledged state of India in

(A) 1972 (B) 1975 (C)1976 (D) 1977

  • Sikkim became state by the 36th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1975. By this amendment the Tenth Schedule was omitted too. 
  • The Tenth Schedule was first added by 35th Amendment, 1974. >> Then removed by 36th Amendment. >> Again added by 52nd Amendment, 1985 and known as Anti Defection Law.

Q9. Which of the following is not a fundamental right?

(A) Right to Constitutional Remedies (B) Right to Property

(C) Freedom of Speech (D) None of the above

  • The 44th Amendment, 1978 deleted the Right to Property from the list of Fundamental Rights and made it only a Legal Right.

Q10. The total strength of the Rajya Sabha cannot exceed

(A) 200 members (B) 250 members (C) 300 members (D) 350 members

  • Rajya Sabha (250) => 238 (States & UT) + 12 (President Nominated). The present strength is 245 including nominated members.
  • Lok Sabha > 550 + 2.

Q11. Fundamental Duties have been included in the Indian Constitution in the-

(A) Chapter on Fundamental Rights (B) Chapter on Directive Principles of State Policy

(C) Ninth Schedule (D) 42nd Amendment

The 42nd Amendment, 1976 —

  • Known as Mini Constitution. It gave effect to the recommendations of Swaran Singh Committee.
  • Added 3 new words(i.e., Socialist, Secular & Integrity) in the Preamble.
  • Added Fundamental Duties (new Part IV A).
  • Raised the tenure of Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies from 5 to 6 years.
  • Shifted 5 subjects from the State List to the Concurrent List, including ‘Education’, ‘Forests’, ‘Protection of wild animals & birds’.

Q12. The ceiling on the election expenditure for the Lok Sabha has been raised from Rs.15 lakhs to Rs. _____ lakhs.

(A) Rs. 20 lakhs (B) Rs.30 lakhs (C) Rs. 25 lakhs (D) Rs. 22 lakhs

  • The limit of election expenditure at the time of 2009 general elections was Rs 25 lakh for a Parliamentary constituency and Rs 10 lakh for an Assembly constituency in the bigger states.
  • These limits were subsequently increased and, till recently, were Rs 70 lakh for Lok Sabha and Rs 28 lakhs for state Assembly elections.
  • As recently as October 20, 2020, the Narendra Modi government has increased both these limits by 10 per cent, making the Lok Sabha limit as Rs 77 lakh and state election expenditure limit Rs 30.6 lakh. — #Link

Q13. The earlier name of WTO was


  • The WTO officially commenced on 1 January 1995 under the Marrakesh Agreement, signed by 123 nations on 15 April 1994, replacing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), which commenced in 1948; Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • UNCTAD — The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development was established in 1964; Headquarters location: Geneva, Switzerland.
  • OECD — The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 37 member countries, founded in 1961; Headquarters: Paris, France.

Q14. Those who benefit from inflation are

(A) creditors (B) debtors (C) wage-earners (D) salaried classes

  • A basic rule of inflation is that it causes the value of a currency to decline over time. In other words, cash now is worth more than cash in the future. Thus, inflation lets debtors pay lenders back with money that is worth less than it was when they originally borrowed it. — #Link

Q15. The place where banks settle their mutual claims and accounts is known as a

(A) Treasury (B) Clearing House (C) Collection Centre (D) Stock Exchange

  • Treasury –> The Funds or revenue of a State, institution, or society.

Q16. Which of the following estimates the national income of India?

(A) Indian Standard Institution (B) Indian Standard Institute

(C) Central Statistical Organisation (D) None of the above

  • The Central Statistics Office was founded on 2nd May 1951; located in Delhi. It is under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Q17. The index of poverty is prepared on the basis of

(A) assets distribution (B) income distribution

(C) Subsistence level of consumption expenditure (D) employment situation

  • Poverty and Unbritish Rule in India (1901): Dadabhai Naoroji’ in his book ‘Poverty and Un-British Rule in India,’ made the earliest estimate of poverty line at 1867-68 prices (₹16 to ₹35 per capita per year) based on the cost of a subsistence diet for the emigrant coolies during their voyage living in a state of quietude.
  • National Planning Committee (1938): In 1938, the NPC set up under the chairmanship of Jawaharlal Nehru suggested a poverty line (ranging from ₹15 to ₹20 per capita per month) based on a minimum standard of living.
  • The Bombay Plan (1944): Bombay Plan proponents suggested a poverty line of ₹75 per capita per year, which was much more modest than that of the NPC. — #Link

Q18. Which of the following was the period of Annual Plans?

(A) 1951-56 (B) 1966-69 (C) 1969-74 (D) 1978-79

  • The period of 1966-69 was first Plan Holiday.
  • 2nd Plan Holiday (Annual plan period) : 1979-80.
  • 3rd Plan Holiday (Annual plan period) : 1990-92.
  • 1951-56 –> 1st FYP; 1969-74 –> 4th FYP; 1978-83 –> Rolling Plan period.—#Link

Q19. The policy of family planning was adopted by the Government of India in

(A) 1950 (B) 1952 (C) 1956 (D) 1962

  • India was the first country to adopt an official population policy & launch an official family planning programme in 1952. Initially these efforts were organised under the National Family Planning Programme which was renamed in 1977 as the National Family Welfare Programme.
  • In 1952 Community Development Programme (CDP) also started.

Q20. IRDP means

(A) Integrated Rural Development Programme (B) Integrated Road Development Programme

(C) Integrated Regional Development Programme (D) None of the above

#Repeat 2006

  • IRDP was launched by the Government of India during 1978-79 and implemented during 1980.

Q21. India has the largest volume of export trade with

(A) America (B) Britain (C) France (D) Japan

In terms of countries that imported the most Indian shipments by dollar value during 2019 :

  • US > United Arab Emirates > China > Hong Kong > Singapore > UK.  — #Link

Q22. The item that earns the maximum foreign exchange for India is

(A) leather and leather goods (B) Spices (C) Pharmaceuticals (D) rice

As per the present scenario the answer should be Pharmaceuticals.

The following export product groups categorize the highest dollar value in Indian global shipments during 2019:

  1. Mineral fuels including oil: US$44.1 billion (13.7% of total exports)
  2. Gems, precious metals: $36.7 billion (11.4%)
  3. Machinery including computers: $21.2 billion (6.6%)
  4. Organic chemicals: $18.3 billion (5.7%)
  5. Vehicles: $17.2 billion (5.3%)
  6. Pharmaceuticals: $16.1 billion (5%)
  7. Electrical machinery, equipment: $14.7 billion (4.5%)
  8. Iron, steel: $9.7 billion (3%)
  9. Clothing, accessories (not knit or crochet): $8.6 billion (2.7%) — #Link

Q23. Which of the following is not a method of estimating the national income of a country?

(A) Product method (B) Income method (C) Expenditure method (D) Export-import method

  • Product method — net value of final goods & services.
  • Income method — a total of net incomes.
  • Expenditure/ Consumption method — Total consumption + Total savings.

Q24. It is noticed that sales of a company producing cultivation tractor got a.boost after 1976 and increasing every year. The cause behind it is

(A) Mechanised farming coming into vogue. (B) emphasis on green revolution

(C) prevailing draught conditions in the country. (D) population movement from urban area to rural area

Q25. It was noticed that the number of school going students in our country have increased manifold between 1950-1970. The reasons are

a. the adjoining countries have progressed fast in education 

b. Government policies of free education

c. Population explosion

d. Increase in number of schools in different localities

(A) b & c are correct (B) a, b, & d are correct (C)All are correct (D) b, c & d are correct

Q26. The objectives of land reforms are

(A) increases in production (B) increases in the purchasing power of rural people

(C) economic development with equity in distribution (D) all of them

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