Q1. The Deccan Lava region was formed during

(a) Cretaceous period (b) Jurassic period (c) Triassic Period (d) Cambrian period

  • The Deccan Traps began forming 66.25 million years ago, at the end of the Cretaceous period. — #Wikipedia

Q2. Imphal is the capital of

(a) Arunachal Pradesh (b) Manipur (c) Nagaland (d) Tripura

  • Arunachal Pradesh — Itanagar
  • Nagaland – Kohima
  • Tripura — Agartala.

Q3. The forest group covering most of India is

(a) Tropical Moist Deciduous  (b) Tropical Dry Deciduous

(c) Tropical Wet Evergreen  (d) Sub-Tropical Dry Evergreen

  • Area-wise Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover in the country followed by Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Maharashtra. In terms of forest cover as percentage of total geographical area, the top five States are Mizoram (85.41%), Arunachal Pradesh (79.63%), Meghalaya (76.33%), Manipur (75.46%) and Nagaland (75.31%). #Link

Q4. The highest point in West Bengal is

(a) Sandakphu (b) Darjeeling (c) Gargabaru (d) Ghum

  • Sandakfu (3630 meters) is the mountain peak of Singalila range.

Q5. Which of the following is not a Union territory of India?

(a) The Andaman and Nicobar Island  (b) Pondicherry 

(c) Chandigarh  (d) Tripura

  • 28 States and 8 Union Territories (as of Feb 2021).

List of Union Territories  –> Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu, The Govt. of NCT of Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, Lakshadweep, Ladakh, Puducherry.

Q6. Baltora glacier is located in

(a) Karakoram range (b) Kailash range (c) Pirpanjal range (d) Ladakh range

  • In the Karakoram range, Siachen glacier is the longest of the world.

Q7. Area-wise, West Bengal is roughly identical to

(a) Hungary (b) Vietnam (c) Denmark (d) Switzerland

  • Area of West Bengal –> 88,752 km².

Q8. Amount of annual rainfall is above 200 cm. over _____ % of India’s total area.

(a)11  (b) 21  (c) 37  (d) 15


Q9. The difference in local times between the Eastern most and Western most points of India is

(a) 1 hr. 57 m.  (b) 2 hr.  (c) 1 hr. 30 m.   (d) 2 hr. 15 m.

  • Kibithu in Arunachal Pradesh is the Easternmost point of India.
  • Ghuar Mota in the Kutch region of Gujarat is the Westernmost point of India.
  • The Siachen Glacier in the State of Jammu & Kashmir is the northern most point under the Line of Actual control and is under dispute.
  • The southernmost point of Indian Mainland is Kanyakumari. Indira Point , the southernmost tip of the Great Nicobar island, is the Southernmost point of land in the territory of India. — #Link

Q10. West Bengal lies between

(a) 85°50′ E — 89°50′ E     (b) 85°30′ E — 90° E

(c) 85° E — 89°30′ E       (d) 85° E — 90° E

  • West Bengal Latitude (North or South of the Equator) –> 22.58039044
  • Longitude (East or West of the prime meridian at Greenwich) –> 88.32994665  — #Link

Q11. Almost 98% reserves of barites are found in

(a) Andhra Pradesh   (b) Rajasthan   (c) Bihar   (d) Madhya Pradesh

  • As per Govt. of India Notification S.O 423(E) dated 10th February 2015 barytes has been declared as ‘Minor Mineral’.
  • Andhra Pradesh continued to be the premier state in barytes production accounting for almost 97% of the total production of barytes followed by Telangana and Rajasthan.
  • The Andhra Pradesh Mineral Development Corporation (APMDC) Ltd is the sole producer in the Public Sector. — #Link

Q12. Tipam sand stones are found in

(a) Assam (b) Jharkhand (c) Rajasthan (d) West Bengal

  • The Tipam Sandstone formation occupies a unique position within the Tertiary Sequence of Assam – Arakan Basin. This rock unit was deposited as sheet sand in a braided river environment during the Miocene times. — #Link

Q13. The Pong dam lias been constructed on—

(a) The Beas (b) The Narmada (c) The Sone (d) The Ravi

  • Pong Dam –> The Beas River –> Himachal Pradesh, Punjab
  • Koyna Dam –> Koyna River –> Maharashtra
  • Tehri Dam (tallest dam in India) –> Bhagirathi River –> Uttarakhand
  • Bhakra Dam –> Sutlej River –> Himachal P, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan
  • Hirakud Dam (longest earthen Dam in the world, also the oldest Indian dam) –> Mahanadi River –> Odisha
  • Nagarjuna Sagar Project –> Krishna River –> Andhra Pradesh
  • Mullaperiyar Dam –> Pennar River –> Kerala
  • Thein Project –> The Ravi River –> Punjab
  • Rihand Dam / Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar Project (largest dam of India by volume/ India’s largest artificial lake) –> The Sone River –> UP

Q14. The Jarawas live in

(a) Laccadive (b) Andaman Islands (c) Mazuli (d) Maldives

Q15. In India, natural rate of increase of population was highest during _____ decade.

(a) 1961-71   (b) 1981-91   (c) 1941-51   (d) 1921-31

  • Between 1961-71 the decadal growth was 24.8%.
  • For 1981-91 it was 23.87%.

Q16. The Fedchenko, Biafo and Hispar are the names of Himalayan _____.

(a) Glaciers   (b) Lakes   (c) Hill Stations   (d) Trees

  • All are of Karakoram Range.

Q17. Karewas are terraces of glacial origin found in-—

(a) Jhelum valley   (b) Teesta valley   (c) Chenuh valley   (d) Ravi valley

  • A succession of plateaus is present above the Plains of Jhelum and its tributaries. These plateau-like terraces are called ‘Karewas or ‘Vudr’ in the local language. Despite continuous erosion since millions of years, more than half of the valley is still occupied by the Karewa. — #Link

Q18. Hamleted rural settlements are characteristic of—

(a) Madhya Pradesh   (b) Bihar   (c) Punjab   (d) Haryana

  • Settlement means any form of human habitation which ranges from a single dwelling to large city.
  • Hamleted rural settlements are fragmented into several small units & the main settlement has not much influence on the other units. Generally found in West Bengal, eastern UP, MP & coastal plains. — #Link 

Q19. Gautami and Bashista are the principal distributaries of

(a) Godavari river  (b) Cauveri river  (c) Krishna river   (d) Mahanadi river

  • Cauveri –> Shimsha, Hemavati, Arkavati, Amravati
  • Krishna –> Ghatapraha, Malaprabha, Bhima, Tungabhadra, Musi, Koyna
  • Mahanadi –> Jonk, Hasdeo, Brahmani, Tel, Kuakhai

Q20. The Siwaliks are called _____ in Arunachal Pradesh.

(a) Dhundwa   (b)Dhang   (c) Miri   (d) Jaskar

  • The Siwaliks are foothills of Himalayan Ranges extended from Jammu to Assam.
  • Bwtween the Siwaliks & Lesser Himalayas are longitudinal valleys called Duns. Some important Duns are Dehra Dun, Potli, Kathmandu, Chumbi.

Q21. Titan is

(a) Saturn’s largest moon   (b) a luxury passenger liner

(c) an ancient city   (d) metallic element

Largest Moons of Planets :

  • Earth –> Moon
  • Mars –> Phobos
  • Saturn –> Titan
  • Jupiter –> Ganymede
  • Neptune –> Triton
  • Uranus –> Titania
  • Pluto –> Charon — #Link
  • Venus and Mercury are the only two planets that don’t have a single natural moon orbiting them.
  • Inner Planets –> Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars 
  • Outer Planets –> Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. All the outer planets have their natural moons.

Q22. Of the Indian States, West Bengal has the longest boundary with

(a) Jharkhand   (b) Bihar   (c) Orissa   (d) Assam

  • West Bengal shares interstate boundary with five neighboring states – Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Assam, Sikkim.

Q23. Indus, Tsangpo, Arun and Sutlej are typical examples of

(a) Antecedent drainage   (b) Consequent drainage

(c) Subsequent drainage   (d) Superimposed drainage

  • The Indus, Satluj, Ganga, Karnali, Kosi, Arun, and Brahmaputra rivers, among the scores of mountain rivers, had established their drainage networks well before the Himalaya came into existence as a mountain barrier.  — #Link
  • Brahmaputra River is named as Tsangpo, also called Yarlung Zangbo in Tibet region.
  • Classification of Drainage System —> #Link

Q24. Where is the Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre located?

(a) San Fransisco (b) Santiago (c) Kobe (d) Honolulu

Q25. The Patkoi bum forms the boundary between

(a)Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar

(b)Manipur and Nagaland

(c)Assam and Meghalaya

(d)Meghalaya and Nagaland

Q26. Adams bridge forms a link between—

(a)India and Sri Lanka

(b)Hyderabad and Secunderabad

(c)India and Pakistan

(d)Araballi and Satpura

  • Adam’s bridge/ Rama’s Bridge/ Rama Setu is a chain of limestone shoals.

Q27. Chirakut, Chachai and Kekton waterfalls are located in

(a) M.P. (b) A.P. (c) U.P. (d) W.B.

  • Chitrakote Falls is on the Indravati River, located in Bastar district of Chhattisgarh.
  • Chachai and Keoti falls are located in MP.
  • List of waterfalls in MP —> #Link


  • Shivasamudram Falls —> Karnataka (Cauvery River)
  • Dhuandhar (Marble) Falls —> M. P (Narmada River)
  • Kapildhara Falls —> M.P (Narmada River)
  • Dudhsagar Falls —> Goa (Mandovi River)
  • Hundru Falls —> Jharkhand (Subarnarekha River)

Q28. Proportion of area under forest cover in West Bengal is

(a) 13.5% (b) 11.8% (c) 14.2%. (d) 20.0%

  • Total recorded forest land in the state is 11,879 sq.km., of which 7,054 sq.km. is Reserved Forest, 3,772 sq.km. is Protected Forest and 1,053 sq.km. is Unclassed State Forest, thus constituting 13.38% of the geographical area of the state.  — #Link

Q29. No. of Scheduled Caste is highest in the State _____.

(a) Karnataka (b) Orissa (c) Jharkhand (d) Madhya Pradesh

  • Karnataka –> 17.15%
  • Odisha –> 17.13%
  • Jharkhand –> 12.08%
  • MP –> 15.62%
  • As of 2011 data Punjab has highest (State) SC population (31.94%). — #Link
  • Lowest SC population (State) –> Mizoram (0.11%)
  • Highest SC population (District) –> Koch Bihar, WB (50.1%).
  • Lowest SC population (District) –> Lawngtlai, Mizoram (0.01%).

Q30. Proportion of Scheduled Tribe population is highest in

(a) Nagaland (b) Meghalaya (c) Manipur (d) Mizoram

  • As per 2011 data Mizoram has 94.43% ST population.
  • Punjab & Haryana have 0% ST population as of 2011 data — #Link
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