Q1. Who introduced the Zabti system?

(a) Babar  (b) Humayun   (c) Akbar   (d) Shershan

  • Zabti – land revenue system of Akbar, was also known as Bandobast system. Further modified by Raja Todarmal and was known as Dahsala system.

Q2. In which year was the battle to Talikota fought?

(a) 1556 (b) 1565 (c) 1571 (d) 1581

  • Fought between combined force of 4 muslim rulers of Deccan and Ramraja of Vijaynagar. As a result, it destroyed Hindu kingdom of the Deccan and sealed the fortunes of Vijayanagar empire.

Q3. Who wrote Kitab-ur-Rehla ?

(a) Ibn Batuta (b) Al Beruni (c) Hasan Nizami (d) Abul Fazl

  • Ibn Batuta visited during the time of Md. Bin Tughlaq.

Q4. The first capital of Magadha was

(a) Pataliputra.  (b) Kashi   (c) Rajagriha   (d) Vaishali

  • Rajgriha was the capital during the time of Bimbisara. Udayin founded the capital Pataliputra.

Q5. Who constructed the Rajrajesvara temple?

(a) Rajendra I   (b) Rajaraja I   (c) Rajadhiraja I   (d) Virrajendra

  • Rajrajesvara temple was also known as Brisdeshwar Shiva Temple at Thanjavur (TN).

Q6. Who among the following persons wrote Mitakshara?

(a) Nyayachandra   (b) Gangadhar   (c) Bilhan   (d) Vijnanesvara

  • Vijnanesvara lived in court of King Vikramaditya VI(1076 – 1126), the western Chlukya Empire.

Q7. Who composed Allahabad Prasasti?

(a) Asvaghosha (b) Nagarjuna (c) Harisen (d) Vasumitra

  • Harisen was the court poet of Samudragupta.

Q8. Who first introduced rationing system?

(a) Iltutmish   (b) Alauddin Khalji   (c) Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq   (d) Ibrahim Lodi

  • Alauddin Khalji (1296-1316) –> He proclaimed ‘kingship knows no Kinship’. He introduced the system of Dagh(the branding of horse) and Chehra (descriptive roll of soldiers).

Q9. Who introduced Kulinism?

(a) Samanta Sen (b) Hemanta Sen (c) Ballal Sen (d) Lakshman Sen

  • Ballal Sen is the 2nd king of Sena dynasty after Hemantasena.

Q10. Lilabati was translated into Persian by

(a) Faizi (b) Abul Fazl (c) Dara d) Abu Talib Kalim

  • Lilavati is Indian mathematician Bhāskara II’s treatise on mathematics, written in 1150.
  • Translated by Abul Faizi in 1587— #Wikipedia

Q11. Who-was known as Amitraghata?

(a) Bindusara (b) Bimbisara (c) Ashoka (d) Kalashoka

  • Bindusara (298 BC – 232 BC) –> Successor of Chandragupta Maurya and father of Ashoka.

Q12. Who is known as “Kunik” in the history of India?

(a) Bimbisara (b) Ajatashatru (c) Bindusara (d) Ashoka

  • Ajatashatru (Haryanka dynasty of Magadha) was the son of Bimbisara.
  • 1 st Buddhist Council held at Rajgriha during the time of Ajatashatru.

Q13. The University of Vikramshila was established by

(a) Devapala (b) Gopala (c) Dharmapala (d) Mahipala I

  • Vikramshila Vihara is one of the two most important centres of Buddhist learning in India during Pala Empire, along with Nalanda.

Q14. Who wrote ‘Amukta Malyada’?

(a) Bukka (b) Harihara II (c) Krishnadev Roy (d) Bir Narasingha

  • Krishnadev Roy (1509-29 AD)- Belonged to Tuluva Dynasty, Vijaynagar Empire and  contemporary of Babur.
  • He built the Vijaya Mahal, the Hazara Rama temple and the Vithal Swami temple.
  • He is also known as Andhra Bhoj and Andhra Pitamaha.
  • Portuguese travellers, Duarte Barbosa and Domingo Paes  visited during his reign.

Q15. Under whose orders the Mahabharata was translated into Bengali?

(a) Alauddin Hossain Shah   (b) Jalaluddin   (c) Nusrat Shah  (d) Haji Iliyas

  • Nasiruddin Nasrat Shah was sultan of Bengal from 1519 to 1533.
  • He was the son of Sultan Alauddin Hussain Shah.

Q16. Surya-Siddhanta was authored by

(a) Aryabhatta   (b) Barahamihir   (c) Bararuchi    (d) Sushruta

  • Aryabhatta (Astronomer & Mathematician) was contemporary of Chadragupta II (Chandragupta Vikramaditya).
  • Kalidasa (classical Sanskrit writer) was one of the nine gems (#Link) of Chandragupta II’s court.

Q17. Who among the following kings performed ‘Asvamedh Yajna’?

(a) Pulakesin I (b) Kirtivarman (c) Pulakesin II (d) Mangalesh

  • Pulakesin I (535−566 CE) was the founder king of Western Chalukyas. 
  • Founded the kingdom with capital at Vatapi (Badami, Karnataka).

Q18. Who was the opponent of Babar at the battle of Panipat?

(a) Ibrahim Lodi (b) Rana Sanga (c) Mahmud Lodi (d) Medini Roy

  • First Battle of Panipat (1526 CE) –> Babur (Mughal) defeated and killed
    Ibrahim Lodhi.
  • Second Battle of Panipat (1556 CE)–> Between Akbar (represented by Bairam Khan) & Hemu Vikramaditya (Wazir of Mohd. Shah Adil of Bengal) who led the Afghan forces.
  • Third Battle of Panipat (1761 CE) –> Between the Marathas & Ahmad Shah Abdali (founder of the Durrani Empire and is regarded as the founder of the modern Afghanistan.). During Shah Alam II’s reign.

Q19. Who was the founder of the Satavahana dynasty?

(a) Simuk (b) Krishna (c) Satakarni I (d) Gautamiputra Satakarni

  • Simuk was immediately active after Ashoka’s death.
  • The greatest ruler of Satavahana Dynasty was Gautamiputra Satkarni (106–130 CE).

Q20. During the reign of which Sultan did Chingiz Khan attack India?

(a) Iltutmish (b) Alauddin Khalji

(c) Ghiyasuddin Balban (d)Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq

  • Iltutmish (1210–1236 CE) was the real consolidator of Turkish rule in India. He belonged to the Ilbari tribe (Ilbari dynasty). After becoming
    Sultan, he shifted his capital from Lahore to Delhi.
  • In c.1220 CE, Temujin, popularly known as Chengiz Khan, the leader of the Mongols, started invading Central Asia and destroyed the Khwarizm empire.
  • Jalaluddin Mangbarani, the son of the Shah of Khwarizm, while escaping from the Mongols, sought shelter at Iltutmish’s court, but Iltutmish refused to grant asylum to him. With this diplomatic skill he prevented Mongol attack and saved India.

Q21. In which year was the Treaty of Bassein signed?

(a) 1765 (b) 1792 (c) 1802 (d) 1805

  • Treaty of Bassein was signed between East India Company & Baji Rao II, the Maratha Peswa of Pune during the time of Lord Wellesly.

Q22. Who was proclaimed as an Emperor of India during the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Bahadur Shah II (b) Tantia Topi (c) Nana Shaheb (d) Mangal Pandey

  • The last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II (Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar) became the 17th Mughal emperor in the year 1837.
  • He is known to have fought for India’s independence and his involvement in the Indian Revolt of 1857. He was appointed as the Commander-in-Chief by the freedom fighters.
  • Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled to Rangoon, Burma in 1858, where he remained until his death in 1862. — #Link

Q23. Who was the main inspiration behind the Young Bengal Movement?

(a) Derozio (b) Rammohan (c) Dsbendranath (d) David Hare

  • Young ‘Bengal Movement (1826-31) – Opposed the immorality in society; believed in truth, freedom and reason.
  • Henry Louis Vivian Derozio, (born April 18, 1809, Calcutta, — died Dec. 26, 1831, Calcutta), poet and assistant headmaster of Hindu College, Calcutta, a radical thinker and one of the first Indian educators to disseminate Western learning and science among the young men of Bengal. — #Link

Q24. Who was the first President of Indian National Congress?

(a) A. O. Hume (b) Surendranath Banerjee

(c) W. C. Bannerjee (d) Dadabhai Naoroji

  • Womesh Chunder Bannerjee was a barrister of the Calcutta High Court. — #Link
  • First Female President of INC –> Annie Besant.
  • First Muslim President of INC –> Badruddin Tayabji.

Q25. Who fathered the two-nation-theory?

 (a) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan  (b) M. A. Jinnah  (c) Md. Iqbal  (d) Fazlul Haque

  • In 1875, he founded the Anglo-Mohammedan Oriental College (Aligarh Muslim University) at Alīgarh, UP. — #Link

Q26. Who was the revolutionary who assisted Bhagat Singh to throw bomb in the Legislative Assembly in Delhi?

(a) Sukdev (b) Rajguru (c) Chandra Sekhar Azad (d) Batukeswar Datta

  • On April 8, 1929, Bhagat Singh, along with freedom fighter Batukeshwar Dutt, hurled two bombs inside the Central Legislative Assembly in New Delhi to protest against Public Safety Bill and Trade Dispute Bill.
  • Actual intention was to get arrested and to use the subsequent court appearances to further the cause of their organisation Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) for India’s independence.            — #Link

Q27. Who said “If to love my country is a crime, I am a criminal”?

(a)C.R. Das     (b)Sri Aurobinda

(c)Upendranath Ganguly      (d)Brahmabandhab Upadhyay

  • Sri Aurobindo (15 August 1872 – 5 December 1950) was the first political leader in India to openly put forward, in his newspaper Bande Mataram, the idea of complete independence for the country. It was when political protests erupted against the partition of Bengal.
  • Among his many writings are The Life Divine, The Synthesis of Yoga and Savitri. #Link
  • He was associated with Alipore Bomb Case / Muraripukur conspiracy / Emperor vs Aurobindo Ghosh and others case, 1908. — #Link

Q28. Who pleaded for Sri Aurobinda in the Alipur Bomb Case?

(a) Bipin Chandra Pal (b) C.R. Das (c) G.K. Gokhle (d) Tej Bahadur Sapru

#Repeat 2008

  • On 6 May 1909, Aurobindo Ghosh was acquitted of all charges in the Alipore Bomb Case. Noted activist and leader Chittaranjan Das was the defence lawyer for him. — #Link
  • C R Das called Sri Aurobinda Ghosh as “The Prophet of Nationalism and the poet of Patriotism.”

Q29. Who was the first Editor of the “Yugantar”?

(a)Brahmabandhab Upadhyay  (b)Barindra Ghosh

(c)Krishna Kumar Mitra  (d)Bhupendra Nath Datta

  • Barindra Ghosh was one of the founding member of Yugantar & younger brother of Aurobindo Ghosh. He is also known as Barin.
  • In 1907, Barin sent one of his associates named Hem Chandra Das (Hem Chandra Kanungo) to Paris to get an idea about making bombs.   — #Link

Q30. Who was the founder President of the Swarajya Party?

(a) Motilal Nehru   (b) C. R. Das   (c) Rajendra Prasad   (d) Rajagopalachari

  • The foundations of the Swaraj party were laid on 1st Jan, 1923, as the “Congress Khilafat Swaraj Party”. C. R. Das was the president and Motilal Nehru was the secretary.
  • In the election held in 1923 the Swaraj Party captured 45 of the 145 seats.

Q31. Who said “Education may wait, but Swaraj cannot”?

(a) C.R.Das (b) Gandhiji (c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak (d) Rajagopalachari

  • During the non-cooperation movement. — #Link

Q32. Who was described by the British Prime Minister as “half naked fakir from India”?

(a) Gandhiji (b) Tej Bahadur Sapru

(c) B R Ambedkar(d) Muhammad Ali

  • It was said by Winston Churchil in 1931.
  • Rabindranath Tagore first called Gandhiji as ‘Mahatma’.
  • S C Bose called Gandhiji as ‘Father of Nation’.

Q33. Which Gandhi movement was merged with the Khilafat movement?

(a) Non Co-operation (b) Civil Disobedience (c) Quit India (d) Anti-Indigo (1917)

  • The Non Co-operation Movement was a sequel to the Rowlatt Act, the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, and the Khilafat Movement and was formally launched on 1 st August 1920. It was approved by
    the INC at the Nagpur session in December, 1920.

Q34. Who founded the Amrita Bazar Patrika?

(a) Surendranath Banerjee (b) Barindra Ghosh

(c) Krishna Kumar Mitra (d) Sisir Kumar Ghosh

  • Sisir Kumar Ghosh was a noted Indian Journalist, founder of “Amrita Bazar Patrika”, a noted Bengali language newspaper in 1868 and a freedom fighter from Bengal.

Q35. Where was the Gadar Party formed?

(a) U.S.A. (b) Russia (c) Japan (d) United Kingdom

  • Gadar Party was formed in 1913 at San Franscisco, USA by the efforts of Lala Hardayal, Ramchandra, Bhagwan Singh, Kartar Singh Saraba, Barkatulla, and Bhai Parmanand.

Q36. Who assisted Rashbehari Basu in his revolutionary activities at Benaras?

(a) Paramanand (b) Sachindra Nath Sanyal

(c) Basanta Biswas (d) Kartar Singh

  • In 1912 Basanta Kr Biswas with Rash Bihari Bose threw bomb at Lord Hardinge at Delhi(Delhi Lahore Conspiracy) on occasion of transferring British capital from Calcutta to New Delhi.

Q37. In which year did Jallianwala Bagh Massacre occur?

(a) 1919 (b) 1918 (c) 1909 (d) 1908

  • Also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919, under the command of Acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer. 

Q38. In which year was Chittagong Armoury raided by Indian revolutionaries?

(a) 1921   (b) 1930   (c) 1931   (d) 1929

#See 2003

  • The uprising occurred on April 18, 1930 in the city of Chittagong now in present-day Bangladesh.
  • Masterda Surjya Sen was the Chief architect of the uprising. — #Link

Q39. Who founded the Society for Promotion of National Feeling (1866)?

(a) Prince Dwarakanath (b) Iswar Gupta

(c) Rajnarayan Bose (d) Rabindranath Tagore

Q40. Who was called “the mother of Indian revolution”?

(a) Sarojini Naidu (b) Basanti Devi (c) Bhikhaji Rustomji Kama (d) Matangini Hazra

#Repeat 2004

  • Madame Bhikaji Cama (1861-1936) – was associated with India House(Paris), Indian Society, INC.
  • She was was born in Bombay in 1861 in a Parsi family.

Q41. Who was the roving singer to sing “Mayer deya mota kapar mathai tule ne re bhai”?

(a) Mukunda Das (b) Nabin Chandra Sen (c) Dwijendralal Roy (d) Rabindranath Tagore

Q42. Who of the followng two persons founded Home Rule League?

(a) C.R.Das and Motilal Nehru                     

(b) Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(c) Sarojini Naidu and Nelly Sengupta.       

(d) Gandhi and Baba Shaheb B. R. Ambedkar

  • Home Rule League was established in April and September 1916, respectively by Bal Gangadhar Tilak at Poona and Annie Besant at Madras. — #Link

Q43. Who said “Swaraj is my birth-right and I must have it”?

(a)Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose    (b)Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(c)Sri Aurobinda                               (d)Lala Lajpat Rai

Q44. Who was the Governor-General of India during the Revolt of 1857?

(a) Lord Dalhousie (b) Lord Canning (c) Lord Lytton (d) Lord Ripon

#See 2003

  • Important Events —

    • Lord Canning(1856-58) – the Last Governor General of India, Revolt of 1857.
    • Lord Canning(1858-62) – the First Viceroy, the Indian Council Act 1861, Indian Penal code of Criminal Procedure, Indian High court Act, The Universities of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras founded in 1857, The Indigo Revolt.

Q45. Who first introduced the Portfolio system?

(a) Lord Dalhousie (b) Lord Canning (c) Lord Ripon (d) Lord Minto

  • Canning had introduced the Portfolio system in 1859.
  • Indian Councils Act of 1861 accorded statutory recognition to the portfolio system.
  • In this system, each member was assigned a portfolio of a particular department.

Q46. Who passed the Arms Act?

(a) Lord Canning (b) Lord Lytton (c) Lord Curzon (d) Lord Minto

  • Lord Lytton (1876-80) –> He had been also described as a “Brilliant Failure”. Also passed Royal Title Act (1876) & the infamous Vernacular Press Act (1878).

Q47. Who was the first Indian martyr in United Kingdom?

(a) Savarkar (b) Haridayal (c) Madanlal Dhingra (d) Mohan Singh Bhakna

  • He was executed at Pentonville Prison on 17 August 1909.
  • When he was studying in England, he assassinated Sir William Hutt Curzon Wyllie (1st July, 1909). — #Link
  • Before this, he made an attempt to kill Viceroy Curzon.

Q48. Who was the author of “Swadhinata hinatay key bachitey chai”?

(a) Hemchandra Banerjee (b) Rangalal Banerjee

(c) Iswar Chandra Gupta (d) Nazrul Islam

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