Q1. The Indian Peninsula is surrounded by water on

(A) South and East      (B) South and West

(C) Southwest, South and Southeast       (D) East and West

  • Southwest — Arabian Sea
  • South — Indian Ocean
  • Southeast — Bay of Bengal

Q2. West Bengal has international boundaries on

(A) North     (B) North and Northeast

(C) Northwest and Southeast      (D) North, Northwest and Southeast

  • North — Bhutan
  • Northwest — Nepal
  • Southeast — Bangladesh

Q3. The North flowing rivers of West Bengal are

(A) Tista, Jaldhaka, Raidhak       (B) Ganga, Brahmaputra

(C) Tista, Ganga      (D) Damodar, Ganga

  • Tista, Jaldhaka , Raidak are the main rivers of North Bengal.
  • While all the rivers flows south-east wards, Mahananda exceptionally flows south-west. — #Link
  • #Link2

Q4. In which layer of the atmosphere does ozone act as a UV radiation shield ?

(A) Troposphere       (B) Thermosphere      

(C) Stratosphere       (D) Mesosphere

Q5. Indian Standard Time is calculated along a line of longitude passing through

(A) 82°30′ E passing through Allahabad

(B) 80°30′ E passing through Delhi

(C) 88°30′ E passing through Kolkata

(D) 84°00′ E passing through Nasik

  • Indian Standard Time is calculated on the basis of 82.5 °E longitude which is just west of the town of Mirzapur, near Allahabad in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The longitude difference between Mirzapur and the United Kingdom’s Royal Observatory at Greenwich translates to an exact time difference of 5 hours and 30 minutes. Local time is calculated from a clock tower at the Allahabad Observatory ( 25.15° N 82.5° E) though the official time-keeping devices are entrusted to the National Physical Laboratory, located in New Delhi. — #Link

Q6. The difference in time between Kolkata and London is

(A) Kolkata is more than 5 hours ahead

(B) Kolkata is more than 3 hours ahead

(C) Kolkata is 15 minutes ahead

(D) Kolkata is 10 hours behind

  • Kolkata, West Bengal is 4 hours and 30 minutes ahead of London, UK.

Q7. The capital of West Bengal is located close to the

(A) Equator      (B) Tropic of Cancer      

(C) Tropic of Capricorn      (D) Arctic circle

  • Tropic of Cancer passes through Nadia, which is close to Kolkata.

Q8. West Bengal gets most of its rainfall from

(A) South West Monsoon       

(B) Bay of Bengal branch of Indian Monsoon

(C) Northeast Monsoon

(D) Arabian Sea branch of Indian Monsoon

  • The southwest monsoon arrives in two branches called the Bay of Bengal branch and the Arabian Sea branch.

  • The Arabian Sea side monsoon of the southwest monsoon first hits the western ghats of Kerala, India. It moves northwards providing rain to the coastal areas of the Western Ghats. The Bay of Bengal side of monsoon flows over the Bay of Bengal and heads towards North-Eastern India and Bengal. It reaches then to the Eastern Himalaya and gives rain to the North-East India, Bangladesh and West Bengal.

    The Arabian Sea side monsoon creates a low-pressure area on the Thar Desert. It is quite stronger than the Bay of Bengal side monsoon. — #Link

Q9. Dry farming is possible because of

(A) Utilisation of groundwater potential

(B) Introduction of quick maturing and resistant varieties of millets

(C) Improvements in technology

(D) All of the above

  • Dry farming is practiced in those areas where rainfall is scanty and irrigation facilities are not available. The farmers make special efforts to conserve soil moisture and to make the maximum use of limited rain water. Red soil is suited for dry farming as it does not require much moisture. — #Link

  • Specially in areas where annual rainfall is less than 75cm. It is not only that the average annual rainfall is low, the variability of rainfall in these areas varies between 25% to 60%.

    In India dry-lands cover about 32 million hectares or about 25% of the total arable land. — #Link

Q10. One of the characteristics of the atmosphere of prebiotic primitive earth was :

(A) Absence of hydrogen        (B) Absence of water vapour

(C) Absence of nitrogen        (D) Absence of oxygen

  • Before life began on the planet, Earth’s atmosphere was largely made up of nitrogen and carbon dioxide gases. After photosynthesizing organisms multiplied on Earth’s surface and in the oceans, much of the carbon dioxide was replaced with oxygen. — #Link

Q11. Cotton is best grown on black lava soils called____.

(A) Regur         (B) Lateritic soils        (C) Regolith        (D) Rangamati

  • ‘Regur’ is popularly known as “black cotton soils,” since cotton has been the most common traditional crop in areas where they are found.

  • Can be found mostly across interior Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh on the Deccan lava plateau and the Malwa Plateau. — #Link

Q12. Topographical sheets are produced by the Survey of India office with headquarters at

(A) Mussorie       (B) Shimla       (C) DehraDun      (D) Naini Tal

  • Topographical maps, also known as general purpose maps, are drawn at relatively large scales. These maps show important natural and cultural features such as relief, vegetation, water bodies, cultivated land, settlements, and transportation networks, etc. These maps are prepared and published by the National Mapping Organisation of each country. For example, the Survey of India prepares the topographical maps in India. — #Link

  • Survey of India was set up in 1767 to help consolidate the territories of the British East India Company, it is one of the oldest Engineering Departments of the Government of India.

Q13. Coal mine disasters in West Bengal are due to

(A) Slumping        (B) Faulting        (C) Inadequate stowing        (D) Flooding

  • Damodar River ( valley is home to large-scale mining and industrial activity) was earlier known as the Sorrow of Bengal because of its ravaging floods in the plains of West Bengal. Even now the floods sometimes affect the lower Damodar Valley, but the havoc it wreaked in earlier years is now a matter of history. —#Wiki

  • #Link

Q14. The most superior industrial coal of West Bengal is of

(A) Lignite variety        (B) Anthracite variety      

(C) Bituminous variety      (D) None of the above

  • Anthracite: It is the highest grade of coal containing a high percentage (>90%) of fixed carbon. It is hard, brittle, black and lustrous. It is found in smaller quantity in regions of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Bituminous: It is a medium grade (80 – 90% of carbon) of coal having high heating capacity. It is the most commonly used type of coal for electricity generation in India. Most of bituminous coal is found in Jharkhand, Odisha, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Lignite: It is the lowest grade coal with the least carbon content (60-70%). It is found in the regions of Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, and Jammu & Kashmir. — #Link
  • Raniganj the best type of non-coking coal reserves in the country with average ash percentage of less than 20%.  The main features of this coal are high volatile content, long flame, quick ignition and high heat value. All the heat intensive industries like glass, ceramics, fertilizers, refractories, forging, etc. use Raniganj coal. — #Link

Q15. Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas are examples of

(A) Fossil Fuels        (B) Cryogenic Fuels      

(C) Indigenous Fuels       (D) Radioactive Fuels

Q16. Petroleum Refineries in India mostly have

(A) Oilfield locations       (B) Port locations     

(C) Pipeline terminal locations       (D) All of the above

  • Refineries are most commonly found at ports and other harbour facilities to handle incoming oil products. These can be either from inland oil sources that transport fuels via pipelines, or from ships and oil tankers that berth at a port. — #Link
  • Map of Refineries in India — #Link

Q17. Tamil Nadu is the only state with more than one major port because

(A) This state has the longest coastline

(B) The depth of water is high

(C) The coast has well defined inlets and bays

(D) The coast is not very rocky

  • Along the 7517 KMs coastline of India, 12 Major Ports [Deendayal (erstwhile Kandla), Mumbai, JNPT, Mormugao, New Mangalore, Cochin, Chennai, Kamarajar (earlier Ennore), V.O. Chidambaranar (Tuticorin), Visakhapatnam, Paradip and Kolkata (including Haldia)] and about 200 non-major ports are in existence spread across 8 Maritime States and 2 Union Territories.
  • Amongst the Maritime States, Gujarat has the longest coastline of about 1600 KMs with one major port (Deendayal/Kandla) and about 40 non-major ports. Tamil Nadu has the second longest coastline (1076 KMs) with 3 major ports (Chennai/Madras port; Kamarajar/Ennore Port Ltd; V. O. Chidambaranar/Tuticorin port) and 17 non-major ports.
  • Largest –> Mumbai port (Depth: 14.3 meters)
  • 2nd Largest –> Chennai port (Depth: 18.5 meters)
  • Deepest –> Gangavaram Port (in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh — Depth: 21 meters)
  • #Link1
  • #Link2
  • #Link3

— Major ports Map #Link

Q18. Social Forestry scheme promotes

(A) Planting of eucalyptus       (B) Planting of firewood yielding trees

(C) Selling of forest produce      (D) All of the above

  • The National Commission on Agriculture, Government of India, first used the term ‘social forestry’ in 1976.
  • Over the last 20 years, large-scale planting of Eucalyptus, as a fast growing exotic, has occurred in India, making it a part of the drive to reforest the subcontinent, and create an adequate supply of timber for rural communities under the augur of ‘social forestry’. — #Link

Q19. Theory of Plate Tectonic explains

(A) Formation of Mountains      (B) Sea floor spreading

(C) Origin of earthquakes       (D) All of the above

Q20. An area will be described as urban if it has

(A) High population

(B) Has towns and cities

(C) Has a high proportion of people in non agriculture pursuits

(D) All of the above

  • For the Census of India 2011, the definition of urban area is as follows;
    1. All places with a municipality, corporation, cantonment board or
    notified town area committee, etc.
    2. All other places which satisfied the following criteria:
    i) A minimum population of 5,000;
    ii) At least 75 per cent of the male main working population engaged in non-agricultural pursuits; and
    iii) A density of population of at least 400 persons per sq. km. — #Link

Q21. The most densely populated Indian state in the 2011 census is

(A) Kerala       (B) West Bengal       (C) Uttar Pradesh       (D) Jharkhand

  • As per 2011 census Bihar has the highest population density (1104) and West Bengal has the 2nd highest density (1029).
  • As per the above options West Bengal may be the right answer as Bihar option is not there.
  • In 2001 Census it was West Bengal (767).

Q22. Marginal workers are people with

(A) Less than 183 days of work in a census year

(B) More than 183 days of work in a census year

(C) Only 183 days of work in a census year

(D) None of the above

  • Workers were mainly classified as main and marginal workers on the basis of their work. Those workers who had worked for the major part of the year were termed as main workers. Major part of the year meant six months (183 days) or more. Those who had not worked for the major part of the year ( i.e. those who had worked for less than 6 months or less than 183 days in a year) were termed as marginal workers. — #Link

Q23. Peasant farming means-

(A) The tenant cultivates the land

(B) The cultivator is the land owner

(C) Cultivation is tone by hired labour

(D) None of the above

  • Those who cultivate their own land either with family labour or with hired work­ers are called peasant proprietors.
  • Some landowners cannot cultivate the owned land. They lease-out their land. The landless farm­ers cultivate land owned by others and pay rent in exchange (i.e., for enjoying the right to use land). Those who cultivate land of others against rent payment are called tenant farmers or simply ten­ants. — #Link

Q24. If the rural landlord also supplies rural credit to the tenants, it is called

(A) Feudalism       (B) Semi-feudalism      

(C) Capitalism       (D) Capitalist farming

Q25. If there were no atomsphere, the earth would have been

(A) Slightly hot      (B) Slightly cold       (C) Very hot       (D) Very cold

  • The temperature would have been almost (-)18 Degree C. — #Link

Q26. Geographical concentration of industries generates

(A) Horizontal linkage only       (B) Vertical linkage only

(C) Both vertical and horizontal linkages         (D) No linkage effect

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