Q1. Identify the Mughal painter not mentioned by Abul Fazl ?

(A) Farooq        (B) Mushkin        (C) Mansur       (D) Mukund

  • Abul Fazl –> One of Akbar’s Navratnas (or nine jewels); Wrote Ain-i-Akbari and Akbar Nama; Lead Mughal imperial army in its wars in Deccan.
  • Abul Fazl was killed by Bir Singh Bundela (ruler of the kingdom of Orchha), on the orders of Mughal Prince Salim.

Q2. The author of Kadambari was

(A) Khemendra      (B) Kalhana       (C) Bhababhuti       (D) Banabhatta

Q3. Which was the ancient port of Indus Civilization ?

(A) Harappa        (B) Lothal        (C) Dholavira       (D) Surkotada

  • The archaeological remains of the Harappa port-town of Lothal is located along the Bhogava river, a tributary of Sabarmati, in the Gulf of Khambat.
  • The excavated site of Lothal is the only port-town of the Indus Valley Civilisation. A metropolis with an upper and a lower town had in on its northern side a basin with vertical wall, inlet and outlet channels which has been identified as a tidal dockyard. —#Link

Q4. Which of the following was a Buddhist genealogical text?

(A) Suttapitaka       (B) Vinayapitaka       

(C) Abhidharnmapitaka       (D) Dipavansa

  • Information about the life and reign of Ashoka primarily comes from a relatively small number of Buddhist sources. In particular, the Sanskrit Ashokavadana (‘Story of Ashoka’), written in the 2nd century, and the two Pāli chronicles of Sri Lanka (the Dipavamsa  and Mahavamsa provide most of the currently known information about Ashoka.
  • The Dipavansa and Mahavansa refer to Ashoka’s killing 99 of his brothers, sparing only one, named Vitashoka or Tissa. —#Link

Q5. Which among the following sultans of the Slave dynasty was not a slave ?

(A) Qutb-ud-din Aibak      (B) Iltutmish       (C) Raziya       (D) Balban

  • Raziya (First, and Last, Female Ruler of the Delhi Sultanate) was born to Sultan Iltutmish and Qutub Begum. —#Link
  • Qutb ud-Din Aibak (the first ruler of the Mamluk/ Slave Dynasty) was born to a Turkish family in Central Asia. He was sold as a slave to Muhammad Ghori. —#Link
  • Iltutmish spent his early life in Bukhara and Ghazni under multiple masters. In the late 1190s, the Ghurid slave-commander Qutb al-Din Aibak purchased him in Delhi, thus making him the slave of a slave. —#Wiki
  • Iltutmish’s grandson Nasiruddin-Mahmud became Sultan with Iltutmish’s prominent slave, Balban as his deputy (Naib) in 1246. Nasir-ud-din Mahmud died in 1266 and Balban ascended the throne by assuming the title of Ghiyasuddin Balban. —#Link

Q6. During whose rule was the Zabt system of revenue settlement introduced ?

(A) Ala-ud-din Khilji       (B) Sher Shah       (C) Akbar       (D) Shah Jahan

Q7. Which language was replaced by English as the official language for the government of India in 1835 ?

(A) Arabic       (B) Persian        (C) Turkish        (D) Urdu

  • In 1835, Lord Macaulay (Thomas Babington) successfully westernised education in India; English was made the official language for the government and courts, and was adopted as the official medium of instruction. —#Link

Q8. What was the effective date of the partition of Bengal ?

(A) October 16, 1905       (B) March 29, 1901     

(C) July 22, 1911     (D) August 14, 1946

Q9. Between whom and when was the Treaty of Bassein signed ?

(A) Peshwa Baji Rao II and the English, 1802

(B) Tipu Sultan and the English. 1784

(C) Marathas and Ahmed Shah Abdali, 1761

(D) Ranjit Singh and the English, 1809

  • The pact was signed on 31 December, 1802.
  • It was a decisive step in the breakup of the Maratha confederacy. The pact led directly to the East India Company’s annexation of the peshwa’s territories in western India in 1818. —#Link

Q10. During the uprising of 1857, which part of India was largely unaffected ?

(A) Bengal       (B) Punjab        (C) Awadh       (D) All of the above

  • There were five theatres of rebellion: Punjab, Delhi, Oudh, Eastern and Central India. Of these five, Punjab never became a theatre of real serious warfare at all, though the outbreaks of the mutineers and occasional local uprising had to be suppressed by the troops and the events of which Punjab was a scene was less thrilling, less appalling in their character, than those which marked the course of the mutiny in other parts of the country.
  • Not only the people of Punjab, the Hindus, the Muslims and the Sikhs, kept aloof from the mutineers, but the people of Bengal, Madras, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Sindh, Rajasthan, Jammu and Kashmir and North West Frontier Province also did not join them. Some of them actually opposed them. Out of the three Presidency armies – Bengal, Madras and Bombay, it was only a part of the Bengal army that had mutinied. —#Link

Q11. When was the Hindu Widow Remarriage Act passed ?

(A) 1856        (B) 1817       (C) 1838      (D) 1867

  • This Act is also known as Act XV, 1856.
  • Was enacted on 26th July 1856.
  • Was drafted by Lord Dalhousie.
  • Was passed by Lord Canning.
  • The act was enacted due to the tireless efforts of social reformer Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar.

Q12. Who among the following was not associated with the Home Rule movement ?

(A) Annie Besant        (B) Tilak       (C) M.A. Jinnah        (D) Manulana Azad

  • Persons involved : Joseph Baptista, Md. Ali Jinnah, B G Tilak, G.S. Khaparde, S. Subramaia Iyer, Annie Besant.
  • Home Rule League was established in April and September 1916, respectively by Bal Gangadhar Tilak at Poona and Annie Besant at Madras. — #Link

Q13. Who introduced the system of Civil Services ?

(A) Lord Hardinge       (B) William Bentinck      

(C) Warren Hastings       (D) Lord Dalhousie

  • A post was created by Warren Hastings for the purpose of land revenue collection. The post was named as District Collector.
  • The Covenanted Civil Services composed of the highly paid Europeans and the Uncovenanted Civil Services, mostly of native-born Indians, was introduced by Lord Cornwallis, the father of civil services in India.
  • The Charter Act of 1853 (passed when Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India) recommended the replacement of the patronage-based recruitment of civil servants by a merit-based open competition system of selection. The Macaulay Committee (the Committee on the Indian Civil Service) was appointed in 1854. This introduced the competitive examinations for the civil services in 1855.
  • Satyendranath Tagore (brother of Rabindaranath Tagore) was the first Indian to succeed in the competitive exam in 1864.
  • Indian civil services began to take place in India from 1922 onwards. Allahabad was the first place where the examination took place. #Link1
  • —#Link2
  • —#Link3

Q14. Who was Titumir  ?

The leader of

(A) Wahabi Movement        (B) Faraji Movement     

(C) Sepoy Mutiny       (D) Indigo Revolt

  • Wahabi Movement was founded by Ahmad of Bareilly in 1820. It began in Rohilkhand. Later spread to Bihar, Bengal, Punjab, NWFP & Deccan.

Q15. Who introduced the railways and telegraphs in India ?

(A) Lord Dalhousie        (B) Lord Canning      

(C) Lord Hardinge      (D) Lord Ripon

  • 1st Railway (1853) –> Bombay — Thane
  • The first telegraph line was opened in October 1851 in India between Calcutta and Diamond Harbour, a distance of 30 miles (48 kms.). But official inauguration of this line took place on 1st November 1851. By 1854, Calcutta was linked with Agra, Bombay and Madras by telegraph network. —#Link

Q16. Who was referred to by Lord Mountbatten as the ‘one man frontier army” ?

(A) Abdul Ghaffar Khan     (B) Subhas Chandra Bose      

(C) Sarat Bose      (D) M.K. Gandhi

  • Lord Mountbatten called Gandhiji ‘one man army’.  —#Link(Page 23)
  • On Aug 26, 1947, Lord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy of British India and frst Governor-General of Independent India, sent a letter to Gandhi that said:
    “My dear Gandhiji, in the Punjab we have 55 thousand soldiers and large-scale rioting on our hands. In Bengal our forces consist of one man, and there is no rioting. As a serving offcer, as well as an administrator, may I be allowed to pay my tribute to the One-man Boundary Force”. —#Link

Q17. Name the book written by Swami Vivekananda

(A) Kathamrita        (B) Kathamala       

(C) Bartaman Bharat       (D) A Nation in Making

  • Kathamrita –> Mahendra Gupta
  • Kathamala –> Vidyasagar
  • A Nation in Making –> S N Banerjee

Q18. Which of the following upheavals took place in Bengal immediately after the Revolt of 1857 ?

(A) Pabna Riots       (B) Indigo Rebellion       

(C) Sannyasi Rebellion       (D) Santhal Rebellion

  • Indigo Rebellion occured in 1859 during the time of Canning.

Q19. When did the Dandi March take place ?

(A) 12th April, 1925      (B) 7th August, 1942      

(C) 12th March, 1930        (D) 14th May, 1935

  • Also known as the Salt March and the Salt Satyagraha.
  • The Salt Satyagraha started on March 12, 1930, from Gandhi’s Sabarmati Ashram, near Ahmedabad. 
  • The march (24 days, 240 Miles or 385 Kms ) reached its destination on April 5(6), 1930 in Dandi.
  • On 2nd of March, 1930, Gandhi wrote a letter to then Viceroy of India, Lord Irwin. In his strong and humble words, Gandhi offered Lord Irwin to stop the march if Irwin agreed on eleven demands including a significant cut in military expenses, levitating tax on foreign goods, abolishing the salt tax, and reduction of land revenue assessment. —#Link

Q20. The first Maratha War took place during the tenure of

(A) Warren Hastings        (B) William Bentinck     

(C) Marquess Cornwallis     (D) Charles Canning

Anglo-Maratha Wars :

  • 1st Maratha War (1775-82)
  • 2nd Maratha War (1803-05)
  • 3rd Maratha War (1817-18) —#Link

Warren Hastings reign –> 1773-85.

Q21. Tattwabodhini Sabha was founded by

(A) Debendranath Tagore       (B) Sivnath Sastri    

(C) Keshab Chandra Sen     (D) Raja Ramohan Roy

  • Tattwabodhini means “Truth propagating / searching”. 
  • Debendranath Tagore was the father of Rabindranath Tagore.
  • Tattwabodhini Sabha started in Kolkata on Oct 6, 1839, as a splinter group of  Brahmo Samaj (Reformers of Hinduism & Indian Society). In 1859 it was dissolved back into Brahmo Samaj.
  • Tattwabodhini Patrika started on 16 Aug, 1843.

Q22. When did the Jalianwalabagh Massacre take place ?

(A) 13th April, 1919      (B) 15th August, 1921   

(C) 21st’April, 1922      (D) 25th September, 1925

Q23. The Arya Samaj at Bombay was founded in

(A) 1870       (B) 1875       (C) 1876       (D) 1880

  • Arya Samaj is a monotheistic Indian Hindu reform movement that promotes values of based on the belief in the infallible authority of the Vedas. The samaj was founded by Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati on 10 April 1875 at Girgaon, Mumbai. — #Wiki

Q24. Who was known as the Liberator of the Press ?

(A) Bentinck       (B) Macaulay        (C) Hastings        (D) Metcalfe

  • The Portuguese were the first in India to start a Press in 1550, first book was also published by Portuguese missionaries in 1557. Only in 1684 the first British press was established.
  • The ‘Bengal Gazette’ or the ‘Calcutta General Advertise’ was the first Indian newspaper started by James Augustus Hickey in 1780. Therefore, he is considered as the “father of Indian press”. The paper was closed in just two years in 1782.
  • The first Indian to publish a newspaper was Gangadhar Bhattacharya who brought out the in English. In 1818 Digdarshan was started as the first Bengali weekly by Marshman from Srirampore. On December 4th 1821 Raja Ram Mohan Roy started Samvad Kaumudi and Persian weekly Mirat-ul-Akhbar in 1822.
  • Metcalfe (Governor General – 1835 – 36), known as the “liberator of the Indian press”. He repealed the Licensing regulation, 1823. During his tenure Printing Press grew rapidly. The new Metcalfe act 1835 required the publisher to follow a registration procedure and give a precise account of premises of publication. — #Link

Q25. Who was the main inspirator of the Young Bengal Movement ?

(A) Rammohan Ray      (B) Derozio      

(C) Debendra Nath Tagore       (D) David Hare

Q26. Who is called a traditional modernizer ?

(A) Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar      (B) Swami Vivekananda      

(C) Rammohan Roy       (D) B. G. Tilak

  • Amales Tripathi published “Vidyasagar – The Traditional Moderniser” in 1998.

Q27. Partition of Bengal was withdrawn in

(A) 1905       (B) 1906        (C) 1911       (D) 1909

  • The decision to split Bengal came in July and by October 16, 1905, Bengal had been divided into Piston Bengal and Assam. The decision had come after Lord Curzon claimed that Bengal was too large to be governed effectively.
  • In 1911 the capital was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi, east and west Bengal were reunited; Assam again became a chief commissionership, while Bihar and Orissa were separated to form a new province. — #Link

Q28. In which year the capital of India was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi ?

(A) 1905       (B) 1911       (C) 1931       (D) 1947

Q29. When the Muslim League was established ?

(A) 1901       (B) 1906       (C) 1910       (D) 1915

Q30. Who was the founder of the ‘Indian Independence League’ ?

(A) Krishna Verma      (B) Rashbehari Bose      

(C) Subhas Chandra Bose       (D) None of the above

Q31. In which year did the Cabinet Mission come to India ?

(A) 1942       (B) 1945        (C) 1946       (D) 1947

  •  The Cabinet Mission Plan was a statement made by the Cabinet Mission and the Viceroy, Lord Wavell, on May 16, 1946, that contained proposals regarding the constitutional future of India in the wake of Indian political parties and representatives not coming to an agreement. The members of the Cabinet Mission were: Lord Penthick-Lawrence, Secretary of State for India, Sir Stafford Cripps, President of the Board of Trade, and A.V Alexander, First Lord of Admiralty. — #Link

Q32. Gandhiji’s famous comment ‘A post dated cheque on a crashing bank’ was delivered during the visit of

(A) The Simmon Commision       (B) The Cabinet Mission      

(C) The Cripps Mission       (D) Lord Wavell

  • Gandhi said that Cripps’offer of Dominion Status after the war was a ” post-dated cheque drawn on a crashing bank “. — #Link (Page 87)

Q33. In which year was the Pitt’s India Act passed ?

(A) 1773        (B) 1781       (C) 1784        (D) 1858

  • Also known as The East India Company Act 1784 –  an Act of the Parliament of Great Britain intended to address the shortcomings of the Regulating Act of 1773 by bringing the East India Company’s rule in India under the control of the British Government. —#Wiki

Q34. When and where was the ‘Gadar Party’ founded ?

(A) America, 1913        (B) England, 1917     

(C) Denmark, 1921       (D) Scotland, 1925

  • In San Francisco, by Lala Hardayal.
  • In March 1913, in a meeting at St. Jones, the party was established as the “Hindi Association of Pacific Coast”under the leadership of Lala Har Dayal with Baba Sohan Singh Bhakna as its president. However, it became popularly known as the Gadar Party after it launched its journal “Gadar”on 1 November, 1913, in Urdu, Punjabi, Hindi and other Indian languages from its headquarters the Yugantar Ashramin in San Francisco. — #Link

Q35. Who passed the ‘Vernacular Press Act’ ?

(A) Loard Lytton       (B) Lord Dalhousie       

(C) Lord Wellesley       (D) Lord Curzon

  • Vernacular Press Act of 1878, proposed by Lytton the then Viceroy of India (1876-80) was also known as Gagging Act and it was meant only for vernacular/ native language newspaper not for English ones.
  • To escape from the provisions of Vernacular Press Act the Amrit Bazar Patrika turned itself into an English Language newspaper from the original Bengali. — #Link

Q36. The major difference between the moderates and the extremists in the Congress session of 1907 was regarding ____.

(A) Satyagraha        (B) Swaraj        (C) Education        (D) Boycott

  • The Surat Session of the Congress was marred by disturbances. Extremist leaders like Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipin Chandra Pal were pushing for resolutions on Swaraj, Boycott and national education while the moderate leaders like Surendranath Banerjea and Gopal Krishna Gokhale were advocating a softer approach. With no meeting ground between the two sections, the Session disintegrated into confusion and eventually had to be suspended.
  • To counter the increasing influence of the extremists, the moderates invited Dadabhai Naoroji to come from England to preside over the session. However, the vocabulary of the extremists triumphed in a way as Naoroji declared Swaraj as the ‘€œonly and chief remedy’ In self government lies our hope, strength and greatness, he said. — #Link

Q37. Who was the defence lawyer at the INA trials of 1946 ?

(A) Jawaharlal Nehru      (B) Bhulabhai Desai      

(C) Tejbahadur Sapru       (D) All of the above

  • Also known as “Red Fort Trials”.
  • Following the end of World War II, the British government convened a series of trials against former officers of the Indian National Army (INA), who had fought alongside the Japanese forces in the pursuit of national liberation. The first and most significant of these began on 5 November 1945 inside Delhi’s Red Fort.
  • On the stand in this highly publicised military trial were three defendants — Shahnawaz Khan, Prem Sahgal and Gurbaksh Dhillon. They were second-tier commanders of the INA, who had given up their allegiance to the British Indian Army. All three were charged with treason as set out in Section 121 of the Indian Penal Code.
  • Arguing on behalf of the defendants were veteran Congressman Bhulabhai Desai, who was Chief Defence Counsel (CDC), Tej Bahadur Sapru, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Dr KN Katju. They had to present their case in front of a military tribunal comprising of senior British army officers. — #Link

Q38. Who was the founder of the Indian Association ?

(A) W.C. Banerjee       (B) Surendra Nath Banerjee     

(C) Lala Lajpat Rai      (D) Dadabhai Naoraji

  • Founded in 1876, with Ananda Mohan Bose.
  • Originally established as Bharat Sabha & held its first annual conferrence in Calcutta, merged with INC in 1885.

Q39. When was the ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ formed ?

(A) 1st October, 1939      (B) 10th August, 1940     

(C) 11th May, 1941      (D) 1st September, 1942

  • Captain Mohan Singh joined the 14th Punjab Regiment of the Indian army in 1927.
  • Japan entered the War with her surprise attack on the American air base at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii, on 7 December 1941 and overran the entire South East Asia within a few weeks.
  • Kuala Lumpur fell on 11 January 1942 with 3,500 Indian prisoners of war, and Singapore on 15 February with 85,000 British troops, of whom 45,000 were Indians. Mohan Singh asked for volunteers who would form the Azad Hind Fauj (Free India Army) to fight for liberating India from the British rule. The new setup came into being on 1 September 1942 by which time the strength of volunteers had reached 40,000. Mohan Singh, now designated a General, was to command it.
  • On 29 December 1942, General Mohan Singh was removed from his command and taken into custody by the Japanese military police. It was only after the arrival of Subhas Chandra Bose in June 1943 that the Indian National Army was revived. — #Link

Q40. Who was the founder Commander of the Indian National Army (INA) ?

(A) Rashbehari Bose       (B) Capt. Mohan Singh      

(C) Netaji Subhas Ch. Bose       (D) None of the above

Q41. Which English Governor General of India was ‘murdered by a convict in the Andaman Islands

(A) Clive      (B) Ripon       (C) Mayo       (D) Northbrooke

  • Viceroy Lord Mayo was stabbed at Mount Harriet Nature Park on 8 February 1872 by Sher Ali Afridi, a former soldier from Khyber Agency, a life-term convict.
  • Lord Mayo was on a visit to Hopetown, Port Blair in the Andamans. — #Link

Q42. The Lucknow Pact (1916) was signed by

(A) The Home Rule League and The Muslim League

(B) The Swarajya Dal and The Indian National Congress

(C) The Muslim League and The Indian Association

(D) The Indian National Congress and The Muslim League

  • Lucknow Pact, (December 1916), agreement made by the INC headed by  Bal Gangadhar Tilak and the All-India Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
  • It was adopted by the Congress at its Lucknow session on December 29 and by the league on Dec. 31, 1916.
  • The pact dealt both with the structure of the government of India and with the relation of the Hindu and Muslim communities. — #Link

Q43. The slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ was given by

(A) Md. Iqbal        (B) Bhagat Singh      

(C) Subhas Chandra Bose       (D) Lala Lajpat Rai

  • ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ slogan was popularized by noted Urdu Poet and Freedom Fighter Hasrat Mohani in 1921.
  • In 1928, under the influence of young revolutionary Bhagat Singh the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) became Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) and adopted the slogan. — #Link 
  • #Link2

Q44. Who was the first woman President of the Indian National Congress ?

(A) Annie Besant        (B) Vijiayluxmi Pandit      

(C) Sarojini Naidu       (D) Aruna Asaf Ali

  • Annie Besant was the President for the 32nd Calcutta Session in 1917. — #Link

Q45. Who was the first President of the Swarajya Party ?

(A) Motiial Nehru       (B) C. R. Das     

(C) Rajendra Prasad      (D) Rajagopalachari

Q46. The Muslim League joined the Interim Government in

(A) October, 1946      (B) November, 1946      

(C) December, 1946      (D) January, 1947

  • The interim government of India was formed on September 2, 1946 from the newly elected Constituent Assembly. 69 % seats were allocated to INC and the party had a majority in 8 out of 11 Indian provinces.
  • A series of meetings took place between Jinnah and Viceroy Wavell and ultimately Muslim League joined the Interim Government on October 25, 1946.
  • #Link1
  • #Link2

Q47. Simon Commission was appointed for

(A) Indian Constitutional Reforms        (B) Administrative Reforms

(C) Educational Reforms       (D) Jail Code Reforms

Q48. In the Tripuri session whom did Subhas Bose defeat to become the Congress President ?

(A) Pattabhi Sitaramayya      (B) Rajendra Prasad      

(C) Maulana Azad       (D) Jawaharlal Nehru

  • But he had to resign due to Gandhiji’s protest. Rajendra Prasad became president after his resignation.
  • Haripura Session  1938
  • Tripuri Session 1939
  • See #2003

Q49. When the Pakistan Resolution was formally passed ?

(A) 1906       (B) 1909       (C) 1916       (D) 1940

  • Also known as Lahore Resolution.
  • 23rd March is the day that commemorates the passage of the Pakistan Resolution by the Muslim League at its historic Lahore session in 1940.
  • The Resolution was a major milestone in the struggle for independence. The Resolution formally made the demand for the independence of the Muslim majority areas of India as distinct entities, separate from the Hindus, and free from British colonial control. — #Link
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